Thursday, May 14, 2015

The origins of field placement names in cricket

Cricket fielding positions
For ardent cricket followers over the years, the term ‘point’ can easily be associated with the man stationed for the cut shot. Or in simpler words, the cult figure of Jonty Rhodes refusing to allow anything within touching distance of him to go through. Similarly, the word ‘slip’ instantly leads to the mind imagining Shane Warne or Mark Waugh wearing their round hats, waiting to gobble up anything that Glenn McGrath or Brett Lee manage to get an edge off.
But have you ever wondered why the ‘slip’ is called a slip? Or why the ‘covers’ are named so (what do they cover anyway)? One of many interesting names is the ‘third man’ (wait, where are the first and second men?). Or the Indian favourite ‘gully’ (not to be construed to have any relation to ‘gully cricket’).
Let us try to see the origins of a some of these apparently funny names. Or should we use the term ‘silly’ names?

The ‘on’ and ‘off’ side

Not to be confused with a switch, and not applicable in case of a switch hit either. This is the gospel on which further discussions will be based. The etymology of the off side and on side in cricket predates to the 19th century, when transport was done via carriages and not motor vehicles. This was bought into the cricket field, for reasons not entirely clear.
It actually began as ‘off-side’ and ‘near-side’, rather than the more popular term ‘leg-side’ that is in use today. The ‘off-side’ was the opposite side of where the rider would walk or mount, the leg-side or ‘near-side’ being the other end. This way, the field got divided into two halves – when you play away from your legs, it is the ‘off-side’, and if it is nearer to the legs, the ‘leg-side’.
Before we move further, let us see a diagrammatic representation of the field placements. Starting with the slips, we will go clockwise from one position to another.

Fielding positions

Slips – One of the more logical names on the cricket field. This probably began when the captains started asking their fielders to stand next to the keeper to take advantage of any ‘slip’ (read ‘mistake’) from the batsman. In due course, the term was coined on the basis of its literal meaning.
Point – We are skipping the gully and third-man here, but don’t worry, it is for good reason. The term ‘point’ was coined from the phrase “near the point (direction of the face) of the bat”. This is a clear indicator of the fact that the ‘point’ in early days was a more close-in position than the one we are used to seeing today, at the edge of the circle.
Gully – This stems from the literal meaning of the word ‘gully’, which is ‘a narrow channel’. The slips and the point were close catching positions but soon the captains realised that the ball often passed through the gap between these fieldsmen. To plug this ‘gap’ or ‘gully’, they employed another fieldsman in that area.
Third man – It is important to understand here that the ‘gully’ and ‘third man’ are contemporary positions; each came about with no knowledge of the other existing. With the slip and point patrolling the offside behind the square, for the same reason as mentioned above, i.e. to stem the gap between them, a ‘third’ fielder was employed (traditionally closer than what we have come to terms with). This fielder soon came to be known as the ‘third man’.
Covers – There are two theories to this position; the first claims that the fielder is stationed where traditionally the pitch covers were kept post-play, when not in use. So the captain instructed his fielders to stand near the ‘covers’, leading to its modern nomenclature.
The other theory, in line with the earlier origins, claims that the ‘covers’ was a fieldsman who covered the ‘point’ and ‘middle wicket’.
Before we go to the other field placements, let us take a detour and define a few rather well-known words.
Long/Deep-X – Farther away from the batsman
Short-X – Near (short distance from) the batsman
Silly-X – So close to the batsman, it is ‘silly’ or ‘imprudent’ to be standing there
For other terms, one can refer to the glossary in the image above.
Mid-on and Mid-off – There is general misconception that these terms refer to the ‘middle-ness’ of the position, i.e. they are not too far away from the batsman, nor too close. However, this is far from the truth. The terms 'mid-onand 'mid-offstem from the terms ‘middle wicket off’ and ‘middle wicket on’ used earlier.
The ‘middle wicket’ was a player stationed on the off-side between extra cover and the bowler. Soon, the occasional need for the same fielder on the leg side came up, and to differentiate between the terms, they were suffixed with ‘on and off’.
The terms ‘long-on’ and ‘long-off’ were analogous to mid-on and mid-off, but farther away from the batsman and nearer to the boundary.
Mid-wicket – This term has a peculiar history. Though a traditionally used term, it received its current meaning somewhere in the 1930s. Prior to that, it was simply another name for ‘middle-wicket off’, the more commonly used field position of the two.
Fine-leg and Square-leg: The term ‘fine’ means ‘straight’ i.e. nearer to the line that can be drawn between the stumps of the strikers’ and non-strikers’ end. The term ‘square’ means nearer to the line of the batting crease. In simple terms, if a player is standing near the ‘square-leg umpire’ he is in a ‘square’ position and if he moves towards ‘fine-leg’, he is getting ‘finer’.
The terms fine-leg and square-leg are now easy to understand; if a batsman hit the ball bowled nearer to his leg ‘square’ on the on-side, it would be fielded by the ‘square-leg’ position and if his hit is finer, it would go towards the direction of ‘fine-leg.’
So there you have it; this is how the most commonly used fielding positions received their names. The others, such as deep-square leg or forward-short-leg, stem from the direction, distance and orientation of the position; for example, forward denotes the fielder ahead of the batsman (as opposed to backward), ‘short’ indicates the proximity of the player near the bat and ‘leg’ denotes that the fielder is stationed on the ‘leg side.
If you wish to know more about any other fielding position, leave a question in the comments below and we will try to give an answer to the best of our knowledge.

Sunday, February 8, 2015

Here are 11 things they definitely never taught you in school:


7. How Michael Jackson actually defied gravity:

via BoomsBeat

 1. How filming in green screen works:

via imgur / trophygeek

2. How ice cream sandwiches are made:

via imgur | reddit/u/NTRX

3. How a top-loading washing machine works:

via imgur | reddit/u/CaliforniaPoppyCock

4. How zippers work:

via imgur | reddit/u/kimcen

5. What it looks like when you drink water:

via imgur | reddit/u/Click here

6. How ice cream cones are made:

via imgur | reddit/u/olegsfinest

8. How fans oscillate:

via Shock Mansion | reddit/u/Spackkle

9. How a key opens a lock:

via Gizmodo

10. How WiFi travels in your apartment:

via 9gag

11. How ants walk:

via imgur | reddit/u/thestamp

12. How paperclips are made:

via gfycat | reddit/u/jaycrew

Share and Enjoy


Saturday, January 31, 2015

11 Collectibles You Can Make From Spare Electronics Components

Time to get creative! Use your spare diode, resistors, LEDs to make incredible collectibles for your desk.

Atithya Amaresh

Chaos Theatre does not own these pictures, these pictures have been collected from various sources.

Tuesday, January 20, 2015

How to draw a perfect circle freehand?

If you ask someone if they could draw a perfect circle freehand the answer is likely to be ‘no’. Well now you can surprise them with this simple technique, that with minimal practice, will allow you to draw a pretty perfect circle.
DaveHax has a video on his Youtube channel showing you just how simple it is. The idea is to use a part of your hand or fingers as a pivot point, then keeping the pen stationary you simply rotate the paper with your free hand. Using different areas of your hand as the pivot point allows you to draw different sized circles, perfect for jotting down notes and such in lectures and meetings.
You’ll be finding excuses to draw pie charts from now on! Check it out below:

Saturday, January 3, 2015

PSUs Recruitment through GATE2014

Names Date of starting End of date Streams Eligible Electrical CTC Advertisement Link
BPCL 17-Dec-14 30-Jan-15 ME, EE, IN, CE, CH yes 10.5 lpa Click here for more details
IOCL 17-Dec-14 21-Feb-15 CH ,CE, CS, EE, EC, ME, IN yes 11 lpa Click here for more details
 CIL 17-Dec-14 21-Feb-15 EE, ME, MN, GG yes NA Click here for more details
CEL 18-Dec-14 15-Jan-15 EC, EE, ME yes NA Click here for more details
HPCL 18-Dec-14 02-Feb-15 ME, CE, EC, EE, IN, CH yes 9.82 lpa Click here to for more details
MDL 18-Dec-14 02-Feb-15 ME, EE yes 16400 pm to 40500 pm + allowances Click here for more details
NTPC 05-Jan-15  Jan 19, 2015 ME,EE,EC,IN yes 24900 pm to 50500 pm Click here for more details
THDC 01-Jan-15 31-Jan-15 CE,ME, EE.. yes 7 lpa Click here to for more details
OPGC 01-Jan-15 31-Jan-15 ME, EC, CE, Control & Instrumentation
NA Click here to for more details
NHPC 01-Jan-15 31-Jan-15 EE, EC yes 20600 pm to 46500 pm Click here to for more details
Power grid 15-Jan-15 27-Feb EE,CS,CE yes 7.78  lpa to 13.95  lpa Click here for more details
BBNL 15-Jan-15 27-Feb-15 EC, CS, IT, EE, EEE yes NA Click here to for more details
 GSECL 15-Mar-15 30-Mar-15 EE, ME, IN, MT yes 18000 pm Click here for more details
NA Click here for more details
ME, EE, Geology, Mining yes NA Click here for more details
CE,ME, EE.. yes 24900 pm to 50500 pm Click here for more details
EE, ME, CE, EC, IN, CS yes NA Click here to for more details
CE, ME, EC, Signaling and Telecom
20600 pm to 46500 pm Click here to for more details
EC, EE, ME, CH yes 7 lpa Click here for more details
EE, ME, CE, EC, IN, CS yes NA It will be updated soon
10-Apr-15 CE
15600 pm to 39100 pm Click here for more details
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